Guinea is a West African country with a population of around 13 million. 55.5% of the Guinean population is under 20 and more than 6 out 10 inhabitants (64,1%) are under 25. Likewise, 1/3 of the population (33.1%) has not yet celebrated its 10th anniversary.
Guinea is also endowed with incredible mineral, energy, geological and hydraulic riches. Often referred to as "the water tower" of West Africa, the country is the source of some of the largest rivers on the African continent, such as the gambia and niger rivers. According to the Guinean Ministry in charge of Investments and Public Private Partnerships, the Guinean mining sector is based on a concentration of mineral resources, recognized as one of the most important in the world: bauxite (40+ billion tons of bauxite at 40% Al2O3), iron ores (20+ billion tons of high quality), gold (several thousand tons), diamonds (generally of jewelry quality) as well as significant amount of of uranium, graphite, copper and petroleum — the list goes on.
Culturally, socially, and religiously, Guinea is full of beautiful and unique traditions and customs that quickly make you call the country home.
But despite all these potentials that could have made Guinea an advanced and highly developed country, the country remains one of the poorest in the world (24th in 2019).
Guinea was led by President Ahmed Sékou Touré from 1958, the country's year of independence, to 1984.
Following President Touré’s death in 1984, General Lansana Conté seized power through a military coup and ruled the country for 24 years.
In 2008, Captain Moussa Dadis Camara seized power in a coup after the death of General Conté. In December 2009, Captain Dadis was forced into exile after receiving a non-fatal bullet to the head, fired by his bodyguard.
In 2010, Guineans chose Alpha Condé as their first democratically elected President, more than half a century after Guinea's independence. President Condé’s election raised much hope for democracy, justice, reconciliation, and peace. However, one year before the end of his second and last term (as per the 2010 Constitution), the Constitution was amended, opening the door to a third term for President Condé.
On September 5, 2021, President Condé was overthrown by Colonel Mamady Doumbouya. Colonel Doumbouya pledged to hold presidential elections and hand over power to civilians. He also initiated an inclusive dialogue with all political parties and members of civil society, and released hundreds of political prisoners.
It therefore emerges that Guinea, since its independence, has been the victim of repeated political instabilities but also of poor leadership, both of which have posed significant barriers to the country's socio-economic development. While being the root cause, poor leadership cannot alone account for Guinea's lack of development.
We aspire to build an ethical and people-driven leadership ecosystem in Guinea.
More specifically, 55 percent of people live below the poverty line, with 17.5 percent of the population experiencing food insecurity, 230,000+ children suffering from moderate acute malnutrition and 25.9 percent of the population experiencing chronic malnutrition (The Borgen Project).
Faced with all these socio-economic problems, hundreds of young Guineans risk their lives in the Mediterranean sea every year as illegal migrants to Italy, Spain, and other European countries. For instance, Between July 2017 and February 2018, among the 3,000 migrants who passed through the Refuge Solidaire in Briançon, at least 1,185 were Guineans, including 793 who declared themselves to be minors (InfoMigrants).
At GYLI, we aspire to empower the Guinean youths to be the agents of the change they want to see.
The low qualification of education personnel, difficult teaching conditions, lack of infrastructures, are among the problems. As a result, most students do not receive the skills required by businesses and today's job market.
See How We Plan to Redefine Education in Guinea
According to a 2016 report by UNICEF Guinea, girls are underrepresented in all levels of education and even more in post-primary. This is due to the persistence customs and cultural beliefs unfavorable to schooling for girls, still generally intended for marriage, domestic work and caring for children, the elderly and the sick.
According to the same report, between 2006 and 2016, the proportion of girls in primary school stagnated at around 45% and fell from 36% to 40% in middle school, reflecting an evolution in girls’ demand for these levels of education. With regard to maintaining at school, the gross completion rate (TBA) of primary education in 2016 iwas 59.4% with large disparities in gender: 49.5% for girls and 69.7% for boys. Drop out among girls begins in middle school, with 44% of students at this level being girls compared to 66% boys. Such a difference can be the consequence of early marriages and pregnancies (girls under 15), a figure that is estimated at 21% and which places
Guinea among the countries in the West African region with a high rate of early marriage or early union formation.
At the Guinean Young Leaders Initiative, we believe that every girl and woman deserves a good quality education. When a girl is educated, it not only empowers her, but she is also given the tools needed to improve her community living conditions.
Learn More About Our Gender Equality Programs
Guinea extremely lacks the mechanisms, institutions, and infrastructures needed to support Entrepreneurs in unleashing the country's full potential.
Both the Government and the private sectors play a significant role in driving a country's economic growth. Without entrepreneurs, there would be little innovation, little productivity growth, and fewer jobs.
At the Guinean Young Leaders Initiative, we aspire to build a new generation of people-centered entrepreneurs who see Guinea’s most pressing issues as opportunities for innovative solutions, growth, service, and social change.
In doing so, our goal is to gradually improve Guinea's social & business ecosystems.
See our plans for Entrepreneurship in Guinea